❗️❗️HIP FLEXORS❗️❗️In most cases, one of the major common denominators of these problems is imbalance in a muscle group known as the Iliopsoas aka Psoas Major, Psoas Minor and Iliacus muscles.
These are the hip flexor muscles and extend from along the side of the spine from about mid-torso down to the base of the spine then across the front of the hips to the top of the leg.
Most people are familiar with muscle names like quadriceps, hamstrings, calves, “abs,” biceps, triceps, etc because they deliberately exercise them. But I doubt if even .1 per cent of the population knows they have this Iliopsoas muscle group let alone its actions and the musclar imbalances it can cause in the rest of the body.
Because Iliopsoas muscles flex the hip, they contract every time you walk, run, jog, climb, sit or bend. Think about how much and how often this happens every day!
They are also postural muscles – in other words, they help hold you upright while you are standing and sitting – and are designed to take a lot of hard work and punishment before they ever feel sore.
But that does not mean they are not tight. If they are, they can put all sorts of uneven pressures on the hip.
They are quite substantial muscles and pull the front of the hips downwards, causing muscles in the lower back and along the spine to tighten as the back of the hips tilt up (hence the back pain).
Among these lower back muscles is the Quadratus Lumborum from the top of the hip on an angle to the spine. It acts like guy ropes for the spine, helping to stabilise it and keep it balanced.
If the Psoas muscles from one side of the spine pull tighter than the other, it tilts one side of the hips higher, putting uneven pressures along the back of the spine and on several major leg muscles which go across the hips and knee joint.
Pain in your back, shoulders or knees is usually due to tight or strained muscles in those areas but, in fact, it is often the hip flexors that have caused those muscles to be tight in the first place.
Hopefully from the above, you will agree the reason for muscle and joint pain is not always what it seems. Go see your therapist